Android


Android Introduction

               Android is a mobile operating system (OS) based on the Linux kernel and currently developed by Google. Android is designed primarily for touchscreen based devices, with specialized user interfaces for televisions (Android TV), cars (Android Auto), and wrist watches (Android Wear).

The version history of the Android mobile operating system began with the release of the Android beta in November 2007. The first commercial version, Android 1.0, was released in September 2008. Since April 2009, Android versions have been developed under a confectionery-themed code name and released in alphabetical order; the exceptions are versions 1.0 and 1.1 as they were not released under specific code names.


Android Version List
no Android Name Version API Level Release Date Image
1. Alpha 1.0 1 Sept 23, 2008
2. Beta 1.1 2 Feb 09, 2009
3. Cupcake 1.5 3 April 30, 2009 cupcake
4. Donut 1.6 4 Sept 15, 2009 donut
5. Eclair 2.0
2.0.1
2.1
5
6
7
Oct 26, 2009
Dec 03, 2009
Jan 12, 2010
eclair
6. Froyo 2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
8 May 20, 2010
Jan 18, 2011
Jan 22, 2011
Nov 21, 2011
froyo
7. GringerBread 2.3
2.3.3
2.3.4
2.3.5
2.3.6
2.3.7
9
10
Dec 06, 2010
Feb 09, 2011
April 28, 2011
July 25, 2011
Sept 02, 2011
Sept 21, 2011
ginger
8. HoneyComb 3.0
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.4
3.2.5
3.2.6
11
12
13
Feb 22, 2011
May 10, 2011
July 15, 2011
Sept 20, 2011
Aug 30, 2011
Dec 2011
Jan 2012
Feb 2012
honey
9. Ice Cream Sandwich
(ICS)
4.0.1
4.0.2
4.0.3
4.0.4
14

15

Oct 19, 2011
Nov 28, 2011
Dec 16, 2011
March 29, 2012
ics
10. Jelly Bean. 4.1
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.3
4.3.1
16
1718
July 9, 2012
Nov 13, 2012
Nov 27, 2012
Feb 11, 2013
July 24, 2013
Oct 03, 2013
jellybean
11. KitKat 4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.4.4
19 Oct 31, 2013
Dec 05,2013
Dec 09, 2013
Jan 02, 2014
Jan 19, 2014
kitkat
12. KitKat with
wear extension
4.4.w 20 July 22, 2014
13. Lollipop 5.0
5.0.1
5.0.2
5.1
5.1.1
21

22

Nov 12, 2014
Dec 2, 2014
Dec 19, 2014
Mar 9, 2015
April 21, 2015
lollipop
14. Marshmallow 6.0
6.0.1
23 October 5, 2015

Android Development Tools for Installation

Using Android Studio

Android Studio is a fairly new IDE (Integrated Development Environment) made available for free by Google to Android developers. Android Studio is based on IntelliJ IDEA, an IDE that also offers a good Android development environment.

Single Zip file, download from here. No need to install, just double click studio.exe from bin folder or download the installation file from here. Note that you need to have JDK 6 or higher installed.


Instruction Notes

Right Now I’m using:

OS: Windows 10
Android Studio: 2.1.1
Android API Level:
android:minSdkVersion=”16″
android:targetSdkVersion=”23″